Category: GitLab

GitLab – ERROR: Registering runner… failed, certificate signed by unknown authority

If your self-hosted GitLab server is using a self-signed certificate for https, it might be possible that you get an error during the registration of a GitLab Runner:

ERROR: Registering runner... failed        runner=HbU25D-y status=couldn't execute POST against Post x509: certificate signed by unknown authority
PANIC: Failed to register the runner. You may be having network problems.

To solve the problem, you have to provide the full chain certificate *.pem used by your GitLab Server:

gitlab-runner register --tls-ca-file /path/to/fullchain.pem

In my case, the valid certificate could be found on the GitLab server in /etc/gitlab/trusted-certs/fullchain.pem. This one was copied to the GitLab Runner server and used in the command above.

As I did not set up the server on my own, I do not know if this is the default path and filename of a certificate signed by Let’s Encrypt. But in my case, this one worked to register the runner.

Run GitLab console on Synology NAS

As the Synology DSM uses Docker to run GitLab, we can use Docker as well to install GitLab Runner. For this, connect to the Synology using SSH:

ssh <admin-user>@<synology> -p <port>

To connect to the GitLab container, you can use the following command to open:

docker exec -it synology_gitlab /bin/bash

You might adjust the name of the GitLab docker depending on your system.

To open the console, run:

gitlab-rails console

When GItLab is installed using the DSM package manager, just use the following commands:

cd /home/git/gitlab/bin
./rails console production

Commands for the console

Below are some examples how to use the GitLab console.

Check the mail delivery method


Output might be: => :smtp

Check the smtp settings


Output might be: => {:address=>"", :port=>25, …

Testing the SMTP configuration (see documentation)

Notify.test_email('', 'Subject', 'Mail Body').deliver_now

GitLab on Synology: set ‘external_url’

There are two (or even more) solutions to install GitLab on a Synology:

  • Using Docker and the container gitlab/gitlab-ce
  • Using the DSM package manager

Depending on the type of installation, different settings are required to update the external url.

Using Docker container

The external url of GitLab can e defined in /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb. The parameter takes an url and can also handle a port:

external_url ''

Important: when a port is specified in external_url, this will override the https/https port where nginx is listening. To use a different port for nginx, this requires an additional setting:

nginx['listen_port'] = 80

After changing this setting, it’s necessary to run:

gitlab-ctl reconfigure

The settings above are necessary, if port routing is set like the following:

Using DSM package manager installation

This installation of GitLab on Synology uses localhost as a default value for external url. This may lead to some problems when accessing GitLab over another IP or host name. In my case, this lead to missing icons and a non functional WebIDE. An inspection of the html page shows, that some resources are requested over http://localhost/... which leads to 404 errors for those resources.

Since the GitLab container on Synology is not based on the omnibus package, you can not use directly external_url in /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb. If you want to change the url you can do it by changing the docker environment parameter GITLAB_HOST.

GitLab on Synology: Environment settings